Billing by the Hour or Fixed-Fee, Time Management is Essential

Over the past several years, two major factors have significantly changed the way many firms operate, both internally as well as how they interact with their clients. The internet, of course, has something to do with this, but it is more in the way professionals are using it and the programs that have been developed to help them be more effective and productive.

First, firms are moving more and more of their operations to the cloud. Not just one or two programs, but most or all of their core professional programs, from tax, to client accounting, to practice management and even their time tracking and client invoicing functions. The second factor, the increasing move to value billing, was not enabled by the cloud, but it has dramatically grown in popularity with many firms.

As cloud-based applications and other programs have automated many of the functions that accounting firms used to charge clients for by the hour, many firms are facing the issue of re-evaluating what their various services are worth. Not the value of their time, but the value – to the client – of client write-up services, or a tax form, preparing financial statements, or other client services. The value is not inherent in the amount of time that a professional spent doing a compilation or an 1120 return … it is the product itself.

2014 Time & Billing Reviews

AccountantsWorld Practice Relief


Chrometa Time Tracking

ImagineTime Time and Billing

TPS Software


While some firms who have gone to this model have tried to move away from time and billing systems, this is a mistake for many reasons, particularly these two:

  1. Firms will always need to provide clients with itemized invoices, whether the clients receive them on paper, by email or online.
  2. While not billing by the hour, these firms still need to effectively manage their staff workload and time usage to determine productivity and whether firm services are appropriately priced. Time tracking and management software excels at this function, and cannot be sacrificed.

Until about a decade ago, most accounting firms charged by the hour. While many still do, or at least do for some services, particularly audits, the transition to the value pricing model is similar to the move to “less paper” offices that firms made a few years ago. It is here and it will keep coming. Furthermore, fixed fee pricing models will be expected by clients who may be considering your firm or another. Will they choose the firm that can tell them precisely what their monthly fees will be, or the firm that says, “Well, it depends on the amount of time it takes.”

However, whether a firm is using value pricing or hourly billing, a program designed for time tracking and billing for accounting firms, or a broader practice management system that also includes time tracking and invoicing functions, is still one of the central components of a modern practice. (See our 2014 reviews of Practice Management systems at

This review of Time & Billing systems looks at several programs that offer varying features, including dashboard views of key business indicators, advanced sign-off and review processes, and even human resources functions for tracking paid time off accruals and offering integration with payroll programs.

As with any program as core to a firm’s productivity and management, the selection of a time and billing system should reflect how the firm currently manages its services, clients and staff. To achieve the best results from any such program, such as tighter control of billing and firm productivity analysis, all staff at a practice, from partners down, need to use the program reliably and consistently.